For Professionals > Pain & Symptom Management

Pain & Symptom Management

With ESRD patients bearing a significant symptom burden, comfort is the target for integrating palliative care principles and practices.  Resources include:
- A pain management algorithmPain Management Brochure
- An overview of the essentials of pain management
- The World Health Organization's analgesic ladder
- Instructions for neuropathic and nociceptive pain treatment
- How to manage opioid adverse effects
- Preferred medications in CKDA pain assessment

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